Who Among the Following Was the First Chairman of the Constituent Assembly in India? - Legal Reasoning


Who among the following was the first Chairman of the Constituent Assembly in India?


  • Dr. Rajendra Prasad

  • Dr. Sachchidananda Sinha

  • Harendra Coomar Mookerjee

  • Dr. B.R. Ambedkar



Dr. Sachchidananda Sinha

The first chairman of the constituent assembly in India was an option 'Dr. Sachchidanand Sinha'. Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the first president of independent India. Dr. Sachchidananda Sinha was the first chairman (temporary) of the Constituent Assembly. Harender Coomer Mookerjee was the Vice-President of the Constituent Assembly of India for drafting the Constitution of India. DR.B.R.Ambedkar was the Chairman of the Constitution Drafting Committee and was appointed by the Assembly to write India's new Constitution. 

Concept: Indian Constitution (Entrance Exams)
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2017-2018 (May) Set 1


In this Question problem consists of a set of rules and facts. Apply the specified rules to the set of facts and answer the question. In answering the following question, you should not rely on any rule(s) except the rule(s) that are supplied for problem. Further, you should not assume any fact other than 'those stated in the problem. The aim is to test your ability to properly apply a rule to a given set of facts, even when the result is absurd or unacceptable for any other reason. It is not the aim to test any knowledge of law you may already possess. 
A. The fundamental right to freedom of association includes the right to form an association as well as not join an association. B. The fundamental right to freedom of association also includes the freedom to decide with whom to associate. C. The fundamental right to freedom of association does not extend to the right to realise the objectives of forming the association. D. Fundamental rights are applicable only to laws made by or administrative actions of the State and do not apply to actions of private persons. E. Any law in contravention of fundamental rights is unconstitutional and therefore cannot bind any person. 
Gajodhar Pharmaceuticals, a private company, offered an employment contract of two years to Syed Monitul Alam. One of the clauses in the employment contract provided that Syed Monirul Alam must join Gajodhar Mazdoor Sangh (GMS), one of the trade unions active in Gajodhar Pharmaceuticals. If Parliament enacts a law which requires every employee to join the largest trade union in their workplace mandating Syed Monirul Alam to join GMS, then: 

Direction: The passage given below is followed by a set of question. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.

Under our Constitution, the Legislature, Executive and Judiciary all have their own broad spheres of operation. Ordinarily it is not proper for any of these three organs of the State to encroach upon the domain of another, otherwise the delicate balance in the Constitution will be upset, and there will be a reaction. Judges must know their limits and must not try to run the Government. They must have modesty and humility, and not behave like Emperors. There is broad separation of powers under the Constitution and each organ of the State the legislature, the executive and the judiciary must have respect for the others and must not encroach into each other’s domains.

The theory of separation of powers first propounded by the French thinker Montesquieu (in his book ‘The Spirit of Laws' broadly holds the field in India too. In chapter XI of his book ‘The Spirit of Laws’ Montesquieu writes:

When the legislative and executive powers are united in the same person, or in the same body of magistrates, there can be no liberty; because apprehensions may arise, lest the same monarch or senate should enact tyrannical laws, to execute them in a tyrannical manner. Again, there is no liberty, if the judicial power is not separated from the legislative and executive. Were it joined with the legislative, the life and liberty of the subject would be exposed to arbitrary control; for the judge would be then the legislator. Were it joined to the executive power, the judge might behave with violence and oppression.

In India, the judiciary occupies an important place. The constitution visualizes an independent judiciary to safeguard the rights of citizens. In a democratic polity, the independent judiciary is a sine qua non to the effective functioning of the system. Administration has to function according to the law and the Constitution. The judiciary has an important role to play in protecting the citizen against the arbitrary exercise of power by administration. In the context of ever-expanding activities of government and discretionary powers vested in the various administrative agencies and public officials, the need to protect and safeguard the citizen's rights assumes significance and priority. In developing societies where the state is playing an important role in development, judiciary has a special responsibility to ensure social justice to the underprivileged sections of the community. However, it must be admitted that the courts cannot interfere in the administrative activities on their own accord even if such activities are arbitrary. They act only when their intervention is sought. Judicial intervention is restrictive in nature and limited in its scope.

Suppose a Judge gives the direction to create the post of tractor driver and regularizing the services against the newly created posts, will it be right that the judiciary is entering into policy making?

Principle: Property consists of a right to possess, right to use, right to alienate and right to exclude others. A sale is complete when the property gets transferred from the seller to the buyer.

Facts:  'A‘ sold his car to 'B‘ B requested A to keep the car in his care on behalf B for one month. A agreed. 

The question consists of two statements, one labelled as Assertion (A) and other as Reason (R).
You are to examine the two statements carefully and select the best option.

Assertion: We the people of India. having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a Democratic Republic.

Reason: A republic will ensure we have a head of state that is democratically elected and accountable to voters. As a result, the head of state will be a more effective constitutional safeguard.

The question consists of two statements, one labelled as Assertion (A) and other as Reason (R).
You are to examine the two statements carefully and select the best option.

Assertion: Republic Day is celebrated on 26th January every year in the country.
Reason: The Constitution of lndia came into force on 26th January 1950.

Directions: The question below consists of two statements, one labeled as ‘Assertion’ (A) and another as ‘Reason’ (R). Examine these two statements carefully and select the answers to these items from the codes given below.

Assertion (A): It is the legal and constitutional duty of the State to provide legal aid to the poor.

Reason (R): No one should be denied justice by reason of his poverty.

Mark the best option:
Who decides whether a Bill is a Money Bill?

Which article is related to "Equal Justice and free legal aid"?

Which of the following amendment added Tenth Schedule to the Constitution?

Justice social, economic and political is ____________.

Arrange the following Indian states in chronological order, according to their formation?

  1. Chhattisgarh 
  2. Arunachal Pradesh
  3. Jharkhand
  4. Sikkim

If any new territory becomes a part of India the Government of India specifies the persons of the territory who shall be 

Under the Constitution of India, which one of the following is not a fundamental duty?

The Council of Ministers is collectively responsible for whom?

Which of the following Article concerned with the oath and salary of members of Parliament?

Which of the following state has its own constitution?

Which of the following is not a fundamental right in India?

Answer the question which follows from the application of the under mentioned legal principle.

X' s farm house in outskirts of Delhi was attacked by a gang of armed robbers. X without informing the police, at first warned the robbers by firing in the air. As they were fleeing from the farm, he fired and killed one of them. At the trial–

I. X can avail the right of private defence as he was defending his life and property
II. X cannot avail the right as he failed to inform the police
III. X cannot avail the right as he caused more harm than was necessary to ward off the danger
IV. X can avail of the right as at first he only fires in the air.

Answer the question which follows from the application of the under mentioned legal principle.

Principle: Only Parliament or State Legislatures have the authority to enact laws on their own. No law made by the State can take away a person’s fundamental right.

Facts: Parliament enacted a law, which according to a group of lawyers is violating the fundamental rights of traders. A group of lawyers files a writ petition challenging the Constitutional validity of the statute seeking relief to quash the statute and further direct Parliament to enact a new law.

The following questions consist of two statements, one labeled as ‘Assertion’ (A) and other as ‘Reason’ (R). You are to examine these two statements carefully and select the correct answers.

Assertion (A): The state shall not make any law, which takes away or abridges the rights conferred by Part III (Fundamental Rights) and any law made in contravention of this clause shall, to the extent of the contravention, be void.

Reason (R): The fundamental rights are the rights reserved by the people and for this reason, they are eternal and sacrosanct.


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