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Which One of the Following Must Be True? - Logical Reasoning

MCQ

The question is based on a set of conditions. Choose the response that most accurately and completely answer the question.

At the snack café at a party, Ali, Bina, Champak and Diya are eating cookies. There are five kinds of cookies to choose from – chocolate chip cookies, oatmeal cookies, sugar cookies, peanut butter cookies and raisin cookies. Each of these four people eats at least two kinds of cookies. Their choices are governed by the following rules:

At most two of them eat oatmeal cookies
At least two of them eat sugar cookies
Ali does not eat any sugar cookies
Bina and Champak do not eat the same type of cookies Bina eats chocolate chip cookies
Champak eats sugar cookies
No one eats both raisin cookies and sugar cookies
If someone eats raisin cookies, they also eat peanut butter cookies

Which one of the following must be true?

Options

  • Champak eats chocolate chip cookies

  • All eats chocolate chip cookies

  • Bina does not eat peanut butter cookies

  • Diya does not eat raisin cookies

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Solution

Diya does not eat raisin cookies

Explanation:

After satisfying all the given conditions, we will get the following table. 

Persons Cookies
Chocolate Oatmeal Sugar Peanut Raisin
Ali     ×    
Bina   ×    
Champak ×     ×
Diya       ×

Diya does not eat raisin cookies. 

Concept: Problem Solving Ability (Entrance Exam)
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