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Which of the Following is the Most Logical, Rational, and Crucial Message Given by the Passage? - Legal Reasoning

Question

MCQ

Direction : The passage given below is followed by a set of question. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.

For proper functioning of democracy it is essential that citizens are kept informed about news from various parts of the country and even abroad, because only then can they form rational opinions. A citizen surely cannot be expected personally to gather news to enable him or her to form such opinions. Hence, the media play an important role in a democracy and serve as an agency of the people to gather news for them. It is for this reason that freedom of the press has been emphasised in all democratic countries, while it was not permitted in feudal or totalitarian regimes.

In India, the media have played a historical role in providing information to people about social and economic evils. Also, sometimes the media present twisted or distorted news that may contain an element of truth but also an element of untruth.

Recently, Media comments on pending cases, especially on criminal cases where the life or liberty of a citizen is involved, are a delicate issue and should be carefully considered. After all, judges are human beings too, and sometimes it may be difficult for them not to be influenced by such news. This, too, should be avoided because a half-truth can be more dangerous than a total lie. The media should avoid giving any slant to news, and avoid sensationalism and yellow journalism. Only then will they gain the respect of the people and fulfill their true role in a democracy.

The British law is that when a case is sub judice, no comment can be made on it, whereas U.S. law permits such comment. In India we may have to take an intermediate view on this issue: while on the one hand we have a written Constitution that guarantees freedom of speech in Article 19(1)(a) - which the unwritten British Constitution does not - the life and liberty of a citizen is a fundamental right guaranteed by Article 21 and should not lightly be jeopardised. Hence, a balanced view has to be taken on this.

Therefore, the media have a great responsibility also to see that the news they present is accurate and serve the interest of the people. If the media convey false news that may harm the reputation of a person or a section of society, it may do great damage since reputation is a valuable asset for a person. Even if the media subsequently correct a statement, the damage done may be irreparable. Hence, the media should take care to carefully investigate any news item before reporting it.

Which of the following is the most logical, rational, and crucial message given by the passage?

Options

  • Democratic nations are better at preserving the integrity of the press as compared to totalitarian regimes.

  • In the era of information technology, people need the press more than ever to make decisions.

  • The press plays an important role in making democracy function properly.

  • The media is an essential part of democracy as it safeguards the rational decision-making ability of the citizens.

Solution

The press plays an important role in making democracy function properly.

Explanation:

The first line of the paragraph introduces the main point of the author - the functioning of democracy. Then s/he talks about the role the press plays in it. 
So, the press plays an important role in making democracy function properly is the correct answer.
Democratic nations are better at preserving the integrity of the press as compared to totalitarian regimes makes an In the era of information technology, people need the press more than ever to make decisions doesn't talk about democracy.
The media is an essential part of democracy as it safeguards the rational decision making ability of the citizens again focuses on 'rational decision making ability' which is not the focus of the paragraph.

Concept: Indian Constitution (Entrance Exams)
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