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Which of the Following Facts Agree with the Claims Made in the Passage? - Logical Reasoning

Question

MCQ

Direction: Read the following passage and answer the question that follow:

With that deadline now a decade away, the world is set to miss most of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Just two of them — eliminating preventable deaths among newborns and under-fives and getting children into primary schools — are closest among all the goals of being achieved. By contrast, the goal to eliminate extreme poverty will not be met because some 430 million people are expected still to be living in such conditions in 2030. Targets to end hunger and to protect climate and biodiversity are completely off track. Whereas some of the richer countries are making a degree of progress in the SDGs overall, two-thirds of poorer ones are not expected to meet those that relate even to their most basic needs.

Which of the following facts agree with the claims made in the passage?

Options

  • Hunger is the number one cause of death in the world, killing more than HIV/AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis combined.

  • In Western Asia and North Africa, ongoing armed conflict has seen an increase in the number of children out of school.

  • In developing countries, one in four girls is not in school.

  • Poverty, as measured by living on less than $1.25 a day, has halved.

Solution

Hunger is the number one cause of death in the world, killing more than HIV/AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis combined.

Explanation:

The passage claims that targets with respect to eliminating poverty and removing hunger are completely off track. The information that supports this claim is given in hunger is the number one cause of death in the world, killing more than HIV/AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis combined. 

The passage states that the goal of getting children into primary schools is close to being met, but the information given in Western Asia and North Africa, ongoing armed conflict has seen an increase in the number of children out of school and In developing countries, one in four girls is not in school talks about schooling in general. Hence, they can be eliminated. 

Poverty, as measured by living on less than $1.25 a day, has halved actually challenges the information in the passage.

Concept: Statement and Assumption (Entrance Exam)
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