Which of the following sets of materials can be used for conducting a saponification reaction for the preparation of soap?
(a) Ca(OH)2 and neem oil
(b) NaOH and neem oil
(c) NaOH and mineral oil
(d) Ca(OH)2 and mineral oil
Soaps are sodium or potassium salts of long-chain fatty acids. They are prepared by the reaction of a long-chain fatty acid with either NaOH or KOH. This reaction is known as the saponification reaction. Among the given sets of materials, a soap can be prepared by the reaction between NaOH and neem oil (long-chain fatty acid).
Hence, the correct answer is option (b).