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Which of the Following Isomers is More Volatile: O-nitrophenol Or P-nitrophenol? - Chemistry

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Which of the following isomers is more volatile:

o-nitrophenol or p-nitrophenol?

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Solution

o-nitrophenol forms intra-molecular hydrogen bond. On the other hand, p-nitrophenol is involved in stronger inter-molecular hydrogen bonding and hence, it has higher boiling point than o-nitrophenol. So, o-nitrophenol is more volatile than p-nitrophenol.

Concept: Nomenclature of Coordination Compounds - Formulas of Mononuclear Coordination Entities
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