Which elements of Greek and Roman culture were revived in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries?
The fourteenth and fifteenth century saw a revival of the Greek and Roman cultures. This bygone era of the Greek and Roman cultures is referred to as the era of classicism. Classicism as a philosophical discipline was expressed in literature, arts, music and architecture during the period of Renaissance.
The focus of this classical revivalism was human beings .It advocated the principle of dignity of man as man. Human life was no longer regarded as a halting point for achievement of eternity but as an end in itself.
To unearth this philosophy, all lost ancient Latin manuscripts were translated into the language of the masses. Other than literature, Italian artists found inspiration in the old art and sculptures. The use of columns in architecture and bronze casting in sculpture also reflects the revival of classicism.