Department of Pre-University Education, KarnatakaPUC Karnataka Science Class 12
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When White Radiation is Passed Through a Sample of Hydrogen Gas at Room Temperature, Absorption Lines Are Observed in Lyman Series Only. Explain. - Physics

Short Note

When white radiation is passed through a sample of hydrogen gas at room temperature, absorption lines are observed in Lyman series only. Explain.

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Solution

White radiations are x-rays that have energy ranging between 5-10 eV.
When white radiation is passed through a sample of hydrogen gas at room temperature, absorption lines are observed only in the Lyman series.
At room temperature, almost all the atoms are in ground state.
The minimum energy required for absorption is 10.2 eV (for a transition from n = 1 to n = 2).
The white radiation has photon radiations that have an energy of around 10.2 eV.
So, they are just sufficient to transmit an electron from n = 1 to n = 2 level.
Hence, the absorption lines are observed only in the Lyman series.

Concept: The Line Spectra of the Hydrogen Atom
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APPEARS IN

HC Verma Class 11, Class 12 Concepts of Physics Vol. 2
Chapter 21 Bohr’s Model and Physics of Atom
Short Answers | Q 4 | Page 382
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