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When a Photon Stimulates the Emission of Another Photon, the Two Photons Have - Physics

Short Note

When a photon stimulates the emission of another photon, the two photons have
(a) same energy
(b) same direction
(c) same phase
(d) same wavelength

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Solution

(a) same energy
(b) same direction
(c) same phase
(d) same wavelength

When a photon stimulates the emission of another photon, the two photons have same energy, direction, phase, and wavelength or we can say that the two photons are coherent.
When an atom is present in its excited state then if a photon of energy equal to the energy gap between the excited state and any lower stable state is incident on this atom then the atom transits from upper state to the lower stable state by emitting a photon of energy equal to the energy gap between the two states. It is called stimulated emission. The emitted photon and incident photon have same energy and hence same wavelength. Also these two photons will be in phase and in the same direction. This process of producing monochromatic  and unidirectional light is called lasing action.

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APPEARS IN

HC Verma Class 11, Class 12 Concepts of Physics Vol. 2
Chapter 21 Bohr’s Model and Physics of Atom
Q 6 | Page 384
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