When a co-ordination compound CrCl3.6H2O is mixed with AgNO3, 2 moles of AgCl are precipitated per mole of the compound - Chemistry

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When a co-ordination compound CrCl3.6H2O is mixed with AgNO3, 2 moles of AgCl are precipitated per mole of the compound. Write

(i) Structural formula of the complex.

(ii) IUPAC name of the complex.

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Solution

As two moles of AgCl are obtained; therefore, the structural formula would contain  two Cl ions satisfying the primary valencies, while five H2O molecules and one Clion are present inside the coordination sphere, making the coordination number 6. One H2O molecule will be present as the molecule of hydration.

Structural formula: [CrCl(H2O)5]Cl2.H2O

IUPAC name of the compound: Pentaaquachloridochromium(III) chloride

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2015-2016 (March) Delhi Set 1
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