Answer in Brief
What were the major consequences of the disintegration of the Soviet Union for countries like India?
The major consequences of the disintegration of the Soviet Union for countries like India can be analysed as follows:
- Disintegration of Soviet Union gave an end to Cold War confrontations and to ideological disputes between two superpowers.
- Military alliances had been abolished and demand arose for world peace and security.
- Multipolar system was surpassed to exist where no single power could dominate and a group of countries could play a crucial role in world politics like NAM Countries.
- The US became the sole superpower and capitalist economy became dominant at international level. World Bank and IMF became powerful advisors due to their economic support to these countries during transitional period.
- The motion of liberal democracy emerged as a way to organise political life.
- Due to disintegration of Soviet Union many new countries emerged with the independent aspirations and choices.
- The Baltic and East European states wanted to join European Union and became the part of NATO. The Central Asian countries took the advantage of their geographical location and continued close ties with Russia, West, China and others.
Concept: Consequences of Disintegration
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