What were the main provisions of the Indian Independence Act?
(i) Partition: The Act provided for the partition of Indian into two independent Dominions i.e. India and Pakistan. Area of Pakistan: Pakistan was to comprise East Bengal, West Punjab, Sindh, Baluchistan, North-West Frontier Province and the district of Sylhet in Assam.
Area of India: India was to comprise all the remaining territories included in British India.
(ii) Constituent Assembly: There were two separate Constituent Assemblies for the two Dominions. Each would serve as Central Legislature.
(iii) Princely States: The Princely States became independent and all the powers exercised by British authority were terminated.
(iv) Abolition of the office of the Secretary of State: The office of the Secretary of State for India was abolished.
(v) Governor General: Each Dominion would have a Governor General as a Constitutional head and would work according to the wishes of the ministers.
(vi) Divisions of Assets and Army: Provision was also made for safeguarding the interests of the existing officers appointed by the Secretary of State, who would not make any such appointments in future.