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What Were Johnson’S Views About the Christian Religion? - English Language

Question

MCQ

Direction: The passage given below is followed by a set of question. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.

Johnson was deeply but not necessarily conventionally religious: he struggled within himself most of his life to sustain his belief in God in the face of enormous pressures, disappointments, and psychological calamities. On the surface, and in much of his work, he appeared to be an orthodox, conventional, conservative adherent of revealed religion, of the Church of England, but the conventional Anglican explanations for the existence of evil in the world failed to satisfy him, and in any case, his characteristic reluctance to believe without evidence, his fear of credulity, his dislike of mysteries, continually undermined his attempts to accept conventional beliefs. He was remarkable, privately, for his tolerance; maintaining that the differences between Christian sects (Protestants and Roman Catholics, for example) were trivial, and due primarily to political rather than religious differences.
His religious difficulties began at a very early age. His mother, when he was only three, told him of "a fine place filled with happiness called Heaven" and "a sad place, called Hell." Many years later he recalled that (as one might expect) this account did not impress him very deeply: it is significant, however, that he remembered it at all. After the age of nine, and through his adolescence, he stopped going to church. One part of him remained a skeptic for the rest of his life, and, as his private journals show, even after he had regained his faith he struggled continually (and privately) with fears, guilt, and disbelief: in "The Vanity of Human Wishes," written when he was forty, he returns to a traditional religious theme as well as a personal preoccupation and insists that we cannot find genuine or permanent happiness in this world and that we must therefore turn to religious belief and faith in the existence of a better world after death if we are to endure our existence here. It was a belief; however, which he himself had difficulty maintaining. The happiness derived from such belief was in any case a limited one, but the only alternative
to religious faith, as Johnson saw it, was a dull apathy, a stoical disengagement from life. He was troubled, too — a better word would be tormented — by a fear of death and by a deeper fear that he might in spite of his best efforts be so guilty, so sinful, that he merited damnation. And beneath that fear was another, even deeper — the fear that God might not exist at all, that death might bring annihilation, mere nothingness, the loss of personal identity. He struggled all his life — in the end, successfully — not so much to overcome these fears as to coexist with them. In public, he was much more conventional, much more characteristically paternalistic. He maintained in print, for example, that religion was a valuable asset to society and to mankind and that Anglicanism, as the English state religion, ought therefore to be carefully protected: "Permitting men to preach any opinion contrary to the doctrine of the established church," he wrote, "tends, in a certain degree, to lessen the authority of
the church, and, consequently, to lessen the influence of religion."

What were Johnson’s views about the Christian religion?

Options

  • That the beliefs of Christianity were trivial.

  • That the different sects of Christianity existed not because of any religious differences.

  • That ideas propagated by Christianity were both conventional and conservative.

  • That the various Christian sects existed purely because of political reasons and not because of any other reason.

Solution

That the different sects of Christianity existed not because of any religious differences.

Explanation:

That the different sects of Christianity existed not because of any religious differences is the correct answer.

That the beliefs of Christianity were trivial Johnson believed that the differences between the Protestants and Catholics were trivial.

That ideas propagated by Christianity were both conventional and conservative is incorrect because in the passage it is Johnson’s appearance in his works that are termed as conventional and conservative.

That the various Christian sects existed purely because of political reasons and not because of any other reason
is incorrect because the passage clearly states that differences in the Christian sects existed primarily because of political reasons, and not purely because of political reasons.

That the different sects of Christianity existed not because of any religious differences is right as can be seen in the following sentence- “He was remarkable, privately----------due primarily to political rather than religious differences.

Concept: Comprehension Passages (Entrance Exams)
  Is there an error in this question or solution?
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