What was achieved by this ‘Treaty’of Peace without War’?
By this Treaty, India won its freedom. There was partition of the country and a new nation Pakistan was born. The British officers and British Army left India. As a result new problems arose. There was unprecedented communal violence. Though peace was achieved, several thousand people died and lakhs of refugees had to migrate to Indian side as a result of communal violence. Yet the Independence Act was a milestone in the history of India marking a new phase of ‘Self Government’ which India as a whole had never witnessed in its history.