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What Type of Battery is Mercury Cell? Why is It More Advantageous than Dry Cell? - Chemistry

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What type of battery is mercury cell? Why is it more advantageous than dry cell?

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Solution

Mercury cell is a type of primary battery. In primary batteries, the charging reaction occurs only once and after it has been used over a period of time, the battery becomes dead and cannot be reused.

Mercury cell is more advantageous than dry cell because dry cell has a very short life span due to the conversion of zinc to zinc chloride that makes the zinc casing porous. Due to this porous casing, the substance inside the cell leaks out and corrodes the metal, reducing the lifetime of the cell. While, in the case of mercury cell, the overall reaction does not involve formation of any ion in the solution whose concentration can change during its life time.

Concept: Batteries - Primary Batteries
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