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What Potential Difference Should Be Applied Across an X-ray Tube to Get X-ray of Wavelength Not Less than 0.10 Nm? What is the Maximum Energy of a Photon of this X-ray in Joule? - Physics

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Question

What potential difference should be applied across an X-ray tube to get X-ray of wavelength not less than 0.10 nm? What is the maximum energy of a photon of this X-ray in joule?

(Use Planck constant h = 6.63 × 10-34 Js= 4.14 × 10-15 eVs, speed of light c = 3 × 108 m/s.)

Solution

Given :-

Wavelength of the X-ray, `λ = 0.10  "nm"`

Planck's constant , `h = 6.63 xx 10^-34  "J-s"`

Speed of light, `c = 3 xx 10^8  "m/s"`

Minimum wavelength is given by

`lambda_min = (hc)/(eV)`

`⇒ V = (hc)/(elambda_min)`

`⇒ V = (6.63 xx 10^-34 xx 3 xx 10^8)/(1.6 xx 10^-19 xx 10^-10)`

`⇒V = 12.43 xx 10^3  "V" = 12.4  "kV"`

Maximum energy of the photon (E) is given by 

`E = (hc)/lambda`

`⇒ E = (6.63 xx 10^-34 xx 3 xx 10^8)/(10^-10)`

`⇒ E = 19.89 xx 10^-16`

`⇒ E = 1.989 xx 10^-15 ≈  2 xx 10^-15  "J"`

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Solution What Potential Difference Should Be Applied Across an X-ray Tube to Get X-ray of Wavelength Not Less than 0.10 Nm? What is the Maximum Energy of a Photon of this X-ray in Joule? Concept: Electromagnetic Spectrum.
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