What is meant by positive deviations from Raoult's law? Give an example. What is the sign of ∆mixH for positive deviation?
The solutions that do not obey Raoult’s law over the entire range of concentration are known as non-ideal solutions. They have vapour pressures either higher or lower than those predicted by Raoult’s law. If the vapour pressure is higher, then the solution is said to exhibit a positive deviation from Raoult’s law.
A mixture of ethanol and acetone is an example of a solution that shows a positive deviation from Raoult’s law.
In case of solutions showing positive deviations, absorption of heat takes place; that is, ΔmixH has a positive sign.