What is Meant by Isomers? - Science

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What is meant by isomers?

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Solution

Isomers are types of chemical compounds that share the same chemical formula but have different characteristics and atom arrangements.

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2014-2015 (March) Delhi Set 2

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Write the names and structural formulae of all the possible isomers of hexane.

 

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 C5H12


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(a) C3H8O
(b) C3H6O2
(c) C3H6O
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Recognise the carbon chain type of the following:

\[\begin{array}{cc}
\ce{H}\phantom{...}\ce{H}\phantom{...}\ce{H}\phantom{...}\ce{H}\\
|\phantom{....}|\phantom{....}|\phantom{....}|\\\ce{H - C - C - C - C - H}\\|\phantom{....}|\phantom{....}|\phantom{....}|\\
\ce{H}\phantom{...}\ce{H}\phantom{...}\ce{H}\phantom{...}\ce{H}
\end{array}\]


Recognise the carbon chain type of the following:

\[\begin{array}{cc}\ce{H}\phantom{...}\ce{H}\phantom{...}\ce{H}\\
|\phantom{....}|\phantom{....}|\\\ce{H - C - C - C - H}\\
|\phantom{....}|\phantom{....}|\\\ce{H}\phantom{...}\ce{}\phantom{.....}\ce{H}\\
\ce{H - C - H}\\
|\\
\ce{H}
\end{array}\]


Write the chemical equation for the following:

Hydrogenation of ethene


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