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What is Meant by Hybridisation of Atomic Orbitals? - Chemistry

What is meant by hybridisation of atomic orbitals?

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Solution 1

Hybridization is defined as an intermixing of a set of atomic orbitals of slightly different energies, thereby forming a new set of orbitals having equivalent energies and shapes.

For example, one 2s-orbital hybridizes with two 2p-orbitals of carbon to form three new sp2 hybrid orbitals.

These hybrid orbitals have minimum repulsion between their electron pairs and thus, are more stable. Hybridization helps indicate the geometry of the molecule.

Solution 2

Hybridisation: It is defined as the process of intermixing of atomic oribitals of slightly different energies to give rise to new hybridized orbitals having equivalent energy and identical shapes.

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APPEARS IN

NCERT Class 11 Chemistry Textbook
Chapter 4 Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
Q 24.1 | Page 130
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