What is meant by the following terms? Give an example of the reaction in each case.
Hemiacetal: Hemiacetals are α−alkoxyalcohols
General structure of a hemiacetal
Aldehyde reacts with one molecule of a monohydric alcohol in the presence of dry HCl gas
gem – Alkoxyalcohols are called hemiacetals. These are produced by addition of one molecule of a monohydric alcohol to an aldehyde in presence of dry HCl gas.