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What is Meant by the Following Terms? Give an Example of the Reaction in Each Case. Hemiacetal - Chemistry

What is meant by the following terms? Give an example of the reaction in each case.

Hemiacetal

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Solution 1

Hemiacetal: Hemiacetals are α−alkoxyalcohols

General structure of a hemiacetal

Aldehyde reacts with one molecule of a monohydric alcohol in the presence of dry HCl gas

Solution 2

gem – Alkoxyalcohols are called hemiacetals. These are produced by addition of one molecule of a monohydric alcohol to an aldehyde in presence of dry HCl gas.

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APPEARS IN

NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Textbook
Chapter 12 Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
Q 1.5 | Page 377
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