What is joint forest management ? How can it help in conservation of forests ?
Joint Forest Management
It is a concept that was introduced by the Government of India in the 1980s. In this programme, support of local communities was taken for conservation of forests and in return, the local people were made to use the products obtained from the forests free of cost. Joint forest management can help in conservation of forests as it will meet the needs of the local people (who are dependent on the forest) as well as ensure environmental sustainability. In this programme, the local people protect the forest from fire, grazing and illegal harvesting of forest products and, thus, help in forest conservation.