Maharashtra State BoardSSC (English Medium) 8th Standard
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What is the difference in the atomic models of Thomson and Rutherford? - Science

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What is the difference in the atomic models of Thomson and Rutherford?

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Solution

Thomson Theory Rutherford Theory
States that electron is embedded in a positively charged solid material which is spherical in shape States that an atom is composed of an atomic nucleus around which electrons are revolving in an orbit
Does not give any detail about the atomic nucleus Explains about the atomic nucleus
States that electrons are uniformly distributed in an atom States that electrons are located around a central solid material
Indicates that the atom is spherical in shape Indicates that an atom has a central solid core called a nucleus surrounded by the electrons
Does not give any idea about constituents of the nucleus States that the nucleus is composed of protons and neutrons
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Balbharati General Science 8th Standard Maharashtra State Board
Chapter 5 Inside the Atom
Exercise | Q 1.1 | Page 38
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