What is Red Data Book?
Define Red data book
‘Red data book’- What do you know about it?
Red Data Book is the state document created by International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) for documenting rare and endangered species of animals and plants.
Red data book: The Red data book is the state document established for documenting rare and endangered species of animals, plants and fungi as well as some local sub-species that exist within the territory of the state or country
Red Data Book or Red list is a catalogue of taxa facing the risk of extinction. IUCN - International Union of Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, which is renamed as WCU - World Conservation Union (Morges Switzerland) maintains the Red Databook. The concept of Red list was mooted in 1963.
The purpose of preparation of Red List are:
i. To create awareness on the degree of threat to biodiversity
ii. Identification and documentation of species at high risk of extinction
iii. Provide global index on declining biodiversity
iv. Preparing conservation priorities and help in conservation of action
Information on international agreements on conservation of biological diversity Red list has eight categories of species.
- Extinct in wild
- Critically Endangered
- Lower risk
- Data deficiency
- Not evaluated
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