What is meant by an artificial satellite? How are the satellites classified based on their functions?
A manmade object revolving around a planet in a fixed orbit is known as artificial satellites.
Based on their functions, satellites are classified as following:
|Type of satellite||Function of satellite|
|Weather satellite||Study and prediction of weather|
|Communication satellite||Establish communication between different location in the world through the use of specific waves|
|Broadcast satellite||Telecasting of television programs|
|Navigational satellite||Fix the location of any place on the Earth’s surface in terms of its very precise latitude and longitude|
|Military Satellite||Collect information for security aspects|
|Study of forests, deserts, oceans, polar ice on the earth’s surface, exploration and management of natural resources, observation and guidance in case of natural calamities like flood and earthquake|