What is a catastrophic disaster? Give an example. - Science and Technology 2

Short Note

What is a catastrophic disaster? Give an example.



Disasters that lead to total chaos and huge loss of life and property in respective region are known as catastrophic disaster.
e.g. Cyclones in Odisha, catastrophic earthquakes of Gujarat and Latur, frequently buzzing cyclones in coastal Andhra Pradesh, etc.

Concept: Disaster
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Chapter 10: Disaster Management - Solve the following questions


Complete the table.
(Motor accident, land sliding, forest fire, theft, riot, war, epidemic, drought, locust attack, financial crisis, flood, famine) 

Disaster Symptoms Effects Remedy

Identify the type of disaster.
Soil erosion

Identify the type of disaster.

Identify the type of disaster.
Forest fire

Identify the type of disaster.

Identify the type of disaster.

Which of the following is man-made disaster ?

Write the causes of the following :

Land slides/building collapse

Answer the following question.

What is meant by ‘disasters’?

Answer the following question.

What are the types of disasters?

A sudden movement (or) trembling of the earth’s crust is called an ______.

Assertion (A): Sudden movement (or) trembling of the earth’s crust is called an Earthquake

Reason (R): Movement of the tectonic plates, mass wasting, surface fault all leads to earthquake

Distinguish between

Flood and cyclone

Write about flood its effects and the mitigation

Why should we know about the natural disasters?

Name the type of disaster.

Disaster Type
Tsunami, volcanic eruption, earthquake __________
Cyclone, snow storms, droughts, floods __________
Forest fire, weed, fungal disease spreading __________
Communicable virus, bacteria, bite of poisonous animal __________
Poisonous gases, atomic test, unplanned action, accident __________

Mention the long term effects of disaster on society.

______ is an earthquake-prone area.

______ is an earthquake-prone area.

A ______ (or) trembling of the earth crust is called as earthquake.

Due to a strong earthquake, loss of lives, buildings, roads, bridges, and dams are damaged ______.

______ means harbor waves.

Volcano is a ______ disaster.

Write two examples of each natural and man-made disaster.

Observe the following images. Discuss what is shown in images, give example of such situations in India?

Complete the following table taking into account the relation between the entries in three columns:

Disaster Symptoms Effects Remedy
Motor accident There is traffic jam. Somebody is injured. The car also gets damaged. If accident is on longer scale many people are injured. Some may die too.  
Landsliding   If there are houses located near the landslide or on cliffs, there would be a major disaster. The houses and people therein are most likely to get buried. The traffic will also halt if the landslide is near the major roads. The authority should be informed. Injured and trapped people should be removed from the rubble and given medical help as soon as possible.
Forest fire There is smoke spread out in the atmosphere. If it takes place in natural forests, the birds and the animals run helter skelter to save their lives. The huge flames can be seen. Everything turns into ashes.  
Theft The latch or the lock is broken. The valuables from the home or shop are missing. Everything in the house is strewn here and there. There are financial losses and also mental and emotional shock is severe.  
Riot   There is financial loss for all the rioting groups. The belongings houses, shops, etc., are destroyed or damaged. Property is looted. Ladies and children suffer the most as they are easily victimized.  


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