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What is an Ion ? How is an Ion Formed ? Explain with the Help of Two Examples of Different Ions. - Science

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Short Note

What is an ion ? How is an ion formed ? Explain with the help of two examples of different ions.

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Solution

An ion is an electrically-charged atom or molecule in which the total number of electrons is not equal to the total number of protons.

An ion is formed when a neutral atom loses or gains electrons. This loss or gain of electrons imparts a charge (positive or negative) to the neutral atom making it an ion.

There are two different types of ions:
If a neutral atom loses an electron, an overall positive charge is imparted to the atom and it becomes a positively-charged ion. A positively charged ion is called a cation. In a cation, the total number of electrons is less than the total number of protons as compared to the neutral atom. For example, sodium readily loses an electron to become a positively-charged sodium ion (Na+).

If a neutral atom gains an electron, an overall negative charge is imparted to the atom and it becomes a negatively-charged ion. A negatively-charged ion is called an anion. It has  more no of electrons than the  number of protons compared to the neutral atom. For example, chlorine readily gains an electron to become a negatively-charged chloride ion (Cl-).

Concept: Ions (Radicals) and Its Types
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APPEARS IN

Lakhmir Singh Class 9 Chemistry - Science Part 2
Chapter 3 Atoms and Molecules
Long Answers | Q 26.1 | Page 152
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