What is Hydrogenation? What is Its Industrial Application? - Science

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What is hydrogenation? What is its industrial application?

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Solution 1

Hydrogenation is the chemical reaction between hydrogen and other compounds in the presence of catalyst. Hydrogenation is used mainly to reduce saturated hydrocarbons. Hydrogenation is an addition reaction.For Example: When ethene is heated with the catalyst nickel it is reduced to ethane.

Industrial application:

→ Hydrogenation is used in many industrial applications. For example; in Petrochemical Industry, hydrogenation is used to convert alkenes into alkanes (paraffins) and cycloalkanes.
→ It is also used to prepare vegetable ghee from vegetable oils.

Solution 2

 Hydrogenation is the process of adding hydrogen to an unsaturated hydrocarbon for obtaining a saturated hydrocarbon in the presence of a catalyst.
    
Chemical reaction: `CR_2 = CR_2 + H_2 `  `HCR_2 - HCR_2` 

Industrial application: The hydrogenation process is used to make ghee (saturated fat) from vegetable oils (unsaturated fat).

Concept: Chemical Properties of Carbon Compound
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APPEARS IN

NCERT Class 10 Science Textbook
Chapter 4 Carbon and its Compounds
Q 12 | Page 78
Lakhmir Singh Class 10 Chemistry (Science)
Chapter 4 Carbon And Its Compounds
Q 42.2 | Page 264
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