What is hydrogenation? What is its industrial application?
Hydrogenation is the chemical reaction between hydrogen and other compounds in the presence of catalyst. Hydrogenation is used mainly to reduce saturated hydrocarbons. Hydrogenation is an addition reaction.For Example: When ethene is heated with the catalyst nickel it is reduced to ethane.
→ Hydrogenation is used in many industrial applications. For example; in Petrochemical Industry, hydrogenation is used to convert alkenes into alkanes (paraffins) and cycloalkanes.
→ It is also used to prepare vegetable ghee from vegetable oils.
Hydrogenation is the process of adding hydrogen to an unsaturated hydrocarbon for obtaining a saturated hydrocarbon in the presence of a catalyst.
Chemical reaction: `CR_2 = CR_2 + H_2 ` `HCR_2 - HCR_2`
Industrial application: The hydrogenation process is used to make ghee (saturated fat) from vegetable oils (unsaturated fat).