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What is Hydrogenation? What is Its Industrial Application? - CBSE Class 10 - Science

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Question

What is hydrogenation? What is its industrial application?

Solution 1

Hydrogenation is the chemical reaction between hydrogen and other compounds in the presence of catalyst. Hydrogenation is used mainly to reduce saturated hydrocarbons. Hydrogenation is an addition reaction.For Example: When ethene is heated with the catalyst nickel it is reduced to ethane.

Industrial application:

→ Hydrogenation is used in many industrial applications. For example; in Petrochemical Industry, hydrogenation is used to convert alkenes into alkanes (paraffins) and cycloalkanes.
→ It is also used to prepare vegetable ghee from vegetable oils.

Solution 2

 Hydrogenation is the process of adding hydrogen to an unsaturated hydrocarbon for obtaining a saturated hydrocarbon in the presence of a catalyst.
    
Chemical reaction: `CR_2 = CR_2 + H_2 `  `HCR_2 - HCR_2` 

Industrial application: The hydrogenation process is used to make ghee (saturated fat) from vegetable oils (unsaturated fat).

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APPEARS IN

 NCERT Solution for Science Textbook for Class 10 (2019 to Current)
Chapter 4: Carbon and its Compounds
Q: 12 | Page no. 78
 Lakhmir Singh Solution for Chemistry for Class 10 (2019 Exam) (2018 to Current)
Chapter 4: Carbon And Its Compounds
Q: 42.2 | Page no. 264

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Solution What is Hydrogenation? What is Its Industrial Application? Concept: Chemical Properties of Carbon Compounds - Addition Reaction.
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