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What Happens When Glucose is Treated with - Dilute Nitric Acid - Chemistry

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What happens when glucose is treated with - Dilute nitric acid

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Solution

Action of HNO3 (strong oxidising agent) :- Nitric acid is a strong agent. It oxidizes both the terminal group(-CHO and -CH2OH) of glucose to give a dicarboxylic acid i.e. gluconic acid (saccharic acid) containing same number of carbon atom.

Concept: Phenols - Uses of Phenols
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