Answer in Brief
What is ecological succession?
- Ecological succession is a process through which ecosystems tend to change over a period of time.
- Succession can be related to seasonal environmental changes, which create changes in the community of plants and animals living in the ecosystem.
- Other successional events may take much longer periods of time extending to several decades. If a forest is cleared, it is initially colonized by a certain group of species of plants and animals, which gradually change through an orderly process of community development.
- One can predict that an opened up area will gradually be converted into a grassland, a shrub land and finally a woodland and a forest if permitted to do so without human interference.
- There is a tendency for succession to produce a more or less stable state at the end of the successional stages. Developmental stages in the ecosystem thus consist of a pioneer stage, a series of changes known as serel stages, and finally a climax stage.
Concept: Concept of Ecological Succession and Its Impact on Human Beings
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