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What Does the Policy of “Laissez Faire” Stand For? - English Language

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MCQ

Read the given passage carefully and attempt the questions that follow.

It is an old saying that knowledge is power. Education is an instrument that imparts knowledge and therefore, indirectly controls power. Therefore, ever since the dawn of our civilisation, persons in power have always tried to supervise or control education. It has been the handmaid of the ruling class. During the Christian era, the ecclesiastics controlled the institution of education and diffused among the people the gospel of the Bible and religious teachings. These gospels and teachings were no other than a philosophy for the maintenance of the existing society. It taught the poor man to be meek and to earn his bread with the sweat of his brow, while the priests and the landlords lived in luxury and fought duels for the slightest offence. During the Renaissance, education passed more from the clutches of the priest into the hands of the prince. In other words, it became more secular. Under the control of the monarch, education began to devise and preach the infallibility of its masters, the monarch or king. It also invented and supported fantastic theories like “The Divine right Theory” and that the king can do no wrong, etc. With the advent of the industrial revolution, education took a different turn and had to please the new masters. It now no longer remained the privilege of the baron class, but was thrown open to the new rich merchant class of the society. The philosophy which was in vogue during this period was that of “Laissez Faire” restricting the function of the state to a mere keeping of laws and order while on the other hand, in practice the law of the jungle prevailed in the form of free competition and the survival of the fittest.

What does the policy of “Laissez Faire” stand for? 

Options

  • Individual freedom in the economic field

  • State control over law and order in society

  • Joint control of the means of production by the state and private enterprise

  • Decontrol over law and order by the ruling class

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Solution

Decontrol over law and order by the ruling class 

Explanation:

Laissez-faire is the policy of leaving things to take their own course, without interfering and therefore in the given context 'Decontrol over law and order by the ruling class ' is correct.

Concept: Comprehension Passages (Entrance Exams)
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