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What Does the Term ‘Syndicate’ Mean in the Context of the Congress Party of the Sixties? What Role Did the Syndicate Play in the Congress Party? - Political Science

Short Note

What does the term ‘syndicate’ mean in the context of the Congress party of the sixties? What role did the Syndicate play in the Congress party?

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Solution

Syndicate was a group of powerful and influential leaders from within the Congress:

  1. Syndicate was led by K. Kamraj, former chief minister of Tamilnadu and the then president of Congress party. It also includes some powerful leaders like S.K. Patil, S. Nijalingappa, N. Sanjeeva Reddy and Atulya Ghosh.
  2. In the sixties, Syndicate played a decisive role by installing both Lai Bahadur Shastri and Indira Gandhi as a Prime Minister.
  3. Syndicate played decisive say in Indira Gandhi’s first council of Ministers and formation and implementation of policies.
  4. After a split, two groups in Congress were created i.e. Congress (O), led by Syndicate and Congress (R), led by Indira Gandhi.
  5. Congress (R), won popularity after 1971 and Syndicate lost power and prestige.
Concept: Split in the Congress
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APPEARS IN

NCERT Class 12 Political Science - Politics in India since Independence
Chapter 5 challenges to and restoration of the congress system
Exercise | Q 8 | Page 101
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