What do you understand by the term 'transformation of energy"? Explain with an example.
The change of one form of energy into another form is known as transformation of energy. This process helps us to convert one form of energy into a more desirable form of energy.
Example - Energy transformation at a hydroelectric power plant
At a hydroelectric power station, a dam is built on a river. Water collected in the reservoir has lots of potential energy. The potential energy of the water gets converted into kinetic energy as it begins to fall down. The kinetic energy of falling water is used to drive huge turbines, which are connected to the electric generator.