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What Do You Mean by Green Chemistry? How Will It Help Decrease Environmental Pollution? - Chemistry

What do you mean by green chemistry? How will it help decrease environmental pollution?

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Solution 1

Green chemistry is a production process that aims at using the existing knowledge and principles of chemistry for developing and implementing chemical products and processes to reduce the use and generation of substances hazardous to the environment

The release of different harmful chemicals (particulates, gases, organic and inorganic wastes) causes environmental pollution. In green chemistry, the reactants to be used in chemical reactions are chosen in such a way that the yield of the end products is up to 100%. This prevents or limits chemical pollutants from being introduced into the environment. Through the efforts of green chemists, H2O2 has replaced tetrachlorethane and chlorine gas in drying and bleaching of paper.

Solution 2

Green chemistry is a way of thinking and is about utilising the existing knowledge and principles of chemistry and other sciences to reduce the adverse effect of pollution.

For example:

  • Automobile engines have been fitted with catalytic converters which prevent the release of the vapours of hydrocarbons and oxides of nitrogen into acrolein and peroxyacetyl nitrate.
  • CO2 has replaced CFCs as blowing agents in the manufacture of polystyrene foam sheets.

 

Concept: Green Chemistry - Introduction
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APPEARS IN

NCERT Class 11 Chemistry Textbook
Chapter 14 Environmental Chemistry
Q 16 | Page 413
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