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What is Community Identity and How is It Formed? - Sociology

Answer in Brief

What is community identity and how is it formed?

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  1. Community identity is based on birth and belonging rather than on some forms of acquired qualifications or accomplishments.
  2. These kinds of identities are called ascriptive i.e. they are determined by birth and individual’s choice is not involved.
  3. People feel a deep*sense of security and satisfaction in belonging to communities.
  4. Ascriptive identities such as community identities are difficult to shake off; even if we choose to disown them, others may continue to identify us by those very markers of belonging.
  5. Expanding and overlapping circles of community ties like family, kinship, ethnicity, language gives meaning to our world and give us a sense of identity.
  6. Ascriptive identities and community feelings are universal. Everyone has a motherland, a mother tongue, a family, a faith. And we all are equally committed to our respective identities.
  7. Our community provides us with our mother-tongue and the cultural values through which we comprehend the world. It, also, anchors our self-identity.
  8. The process of socialization involves continuous dialogue with our significant surroundings such as parents, kin, family and community. Thus, community is a very important part of our identity.
  9. Community conflicts are very hard to deal with since each side thinks the other side as a hated enemy and there is a tendency to exaggerate the virtues of one’s own side as well as the vices of the other side.
  10. It is very hard for people on either side to sec that they are constructing matching but reversed mirror images of each other.
  11. At times, both sides are indeed equally wrong or right; at other times, history may judge one side to be the aggressor and the other to be the victim.
  12. But this can happen long after the heat of the conflict has cooled down.
  13. Some notion of a mutually agreeable truth is hard to arrive at in situations if identity conflict.
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NCERT Class 12 Sociology - Indian Society
Chapter 6 The Challenges of Cultural Diversity
Exercise | Q 2 | Page 139
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