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What Are the Two Most Common Defects of Vision (Or Defects of Eye)? How Are They Corrected? - Science

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What are the two most common defects of vision (or defects of eye)? How are they corrected?

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Solution

The two most common defects of vision (or defects of the eye) are the following.

1. Myopia (short-sightedness or near-sightedness): Myopia is an eye defect because of which a person cannot see faraway objects clearly but can see nearby objects normally. By using spectacles with concave lenses, myopia can be corrected, as a concave lens reduces the converging power of the eye lens and therefore forms the images of faraway objects on the retina of the myopic eye.

2. Hypermetropia (long-sightedness or far-sightedness): Hypermetropia is an eye defect because of which a person cannot see nearby objects clearly but can see faraway objects normally. By using spectacles with convex lenses, hypermetropia can be corrected, as a convex lens increases the converging power of the eye lens and therefore forms the images of nearby objects on the retina of the hypermetropic eye.

The two most common defects of vision (or defects of the eye) are the following.

1. Myopia (short-sightedness or near-sightedness): Myopia is an eye defect because of which a person cannot see faraway objects clearly but can see nearby objects normally. By using spectacles with concave lenses, myopia can be corrected, as a concave lens reduces the converging power of the eye lens and therefore forms the images of faraway objects on the retina of the myopic eye.

2. Hypermetropia (long-sightedness or far-sightedness): Hypermetropia is an eye defect because of which a person cannot see nearby objects clearly but can see faraway objects normally. By using spectacles with convex lenses, hypermetropia can be corrected, as a convex lens increases the converging power of the eye lens and therefore forms the images of nearby objects on the retina of the hypermetropic eye.

The two most common defects of vision (or defects of the eye) are the following.

1. Myopia (short-sightedness or near-sightedness): Myopia is an eye defect because of which a person cannot see faraway objects clearly but can see nearby objects normally. By using spectacles with concave lenses, myopia can be corrected, as a concave lens reduces the converging power of the eye lens and therefore forms the images of faraway objects on the retina of the myopic eye.

2. Hypermetropia (long-sightedness or far-sightedness): Hypermetropia is an eye defect because of which a person cannot see nearby objects clearly but can see faraway objects normally. By using spectacles with convex lenses, hypermetropia can be corrected, as a convex lens increases the converging power of the eye lens and therefore forms the images of nearby objects on the retina of the hypermetropic eye.v

Concept: Eye Defect and Its Correction: Myopia Or Near-sightedness
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APPEARS IN

Lakhmir Singh Class 10 Physics (Science)
Chapter 6 The Human Eyes And The Colorful World
Q 21 | Page 279

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