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What Are Some of the Different Forms that the Family Can Take? - Sociology

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What are some of the different forms that the family can take?

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Family is a very important sodal institution. In either form i.e. nudear or extended, it has post to perform. Lately, a lot of changes have come about in the structure for example, those people employed in the software industry have odd working to this, grandparents have shifted in as caregivers to young.

A family could be headed by a male or female; descent could be traced from the mother or the father. This structure and composition of the family is based on various fadors ‘ such as economy, polity, culture and education.

The changes in the structure of family that we see today could be

(i)Same sex marriage

(ii)Love marriage

But history and contemporary times suggest that such changes are met with violent reactions.

Nuclear Family: It consists of one set of parents and their children.

Extended Family: It consisted of more than one couple and, often, more than two generations live together. The extended family is symptomatic of India.

Diverse forms of family 

  •  Matrilocal-patrilocal (based on residence)
  •  Matrilineal and patrilineal (based on rules of inheritance)
  •  Matriarchal and patriarchal (based on authority)
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NCERT Class 12 Sociology - Indian Society
Chapter 3 Social Institutions: Continuity and Change
Exercise | Q 8 | Page 60
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