What are the factors that favour the location of jute industry in the Ganga-Brahmaputra delta?
(i) Friable, loamy, alluvial soils, preferable rich in salts.
(ii) Bengal which lies in the Ganga-Bhrahmaputra delta has the advantage that it gets flooded and a fresh layer of alluvial soil is deposited every year. Jute is a crop that exhausts the soil and hence it requires manure and fertilizers in large quantities.
(iii) Good rainfall of 175-200 cm and plenty of clean water for retting.
(iv) Cheap labour.
(v) Coal which is available in Raniganj.
(vi) Kolkata port is nearby for export purposes.
(vii) The Ganga-Brahmaputra delta and its distributaries provide good means of transport of the raw jute to the manufacturing centres which are connected to Kolkata by railway and road.