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What Are Enzymes - Chemistry

What are enzymes

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Solution 1

Enzymes are proteins that catalyse biological reactions. They are very specific in nature and catalyse only a particular reaction for a particular substrate. Enzymes are usually named after the particular substrate or class of substrate and some times after the particular reaction.

For example, the enzyme used to catalyse the hydrolysis of maltose into glucose is named as maltase

Again, the enzymes used to catalyse the oxidation of one substrate with the simultaneous reduction of another substrate are named as oxidoreductase enzymes.

The name of an enzyme ends with ‘− ase’.

Solution 2

Enzymes are biological catalyst. Each biological reaction requires a different enzyme. Thus, as compared to conventional catalyst enzymes are very specific and efficient in their action. Each type of enzyme has its own specific optimum conditions of concentration, pH and temperature at which it works best.

Concept: Introduction of Enzymes
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APPEARS IN

NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Textbook
Chapter 14 Biomolecules
Q 17 | Page 423
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