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What is (a) the highest, (b) the lowest total resistance that can be secured by combinations of four coils of resistance 4 Ω, 8 Ω, 12 Ω, 24 Ω? - Science

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What is (a) the highest, (b) the lowest total resistance that can be secured by combinations of four coils of resistance 4 Ω, 8 Ω, 12 Ω, 24 Ω?

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Solution

There are four coils of resistances 4 Ω, 8 Ω, 12 Ω and 24 Ω respectively.

(a) If these coils are connected in series, then the equivalent resistance will be the highest, given by the sum 4 + 8 + 12 + 24 = 48 Ω

(b) If these coils are connected in parallel, then the equivalent resistance will be the lowest, given by

`1/(1/4+1/8+1/12+1/24)=1/((6+3+2+1)/24)=24/12=2 Omega`

Therefore, 2 Ω is the lowest total resistance.

Concept: Factors Affecting the Resistance of a Conductor
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APPEARS IN

NCERT Class 10 Science
Chapter 12 Electricity
Q 5 | Page 216

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