Visit your college library or through the web, quest collects information on the ‘Green Revolution’ and ‘White Revolution’ in our country.
Green Revolution was the introduction of modern agricultural methods to industrialise the agricultural sector. This was done by introducing High Yielding Variety (HYV) seeds, laying emphasis on food grains such as wheat and rice, the introduction of machinery like drills, tractors, etc., and the availability of fertilizers and pesticides. It started in the year 1965.
Advantages of the Green Revolution:
- It may be helping to reduce the number of greenhouse gas emissions.
- It allows us to produce more food than traditional growing methods.
- It provides us with consistent yields during uncooperative seasons.
- It causes a reduction in food prices for the global economy.
- It has reduced the issues of deforestation on our planet.
Disadvantages of the Green Revolution
- It created a lack of biodiversity in the global cropland structures.
- It can be wiped out with one devastating disease.
- It reduces the quality of the soil used for growing crops.
- It requires the use of non-sustainable agricultural methods.
- It creates health impacts that we must consider with its practices.
White Revolution, also known as Operation Flood, was a program that was started by the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) with a view to making India the largest producer of milk in the world. This was done by connecting the main milk sheds of the country to the metro cities, increasing the number of milk sheds, setting up new dairies, and enabling dairy cooperatives to strengthen infrastructure. The adoption of the three-tier 'Amul-model' was the key to the success of the White Revolution.
Advantages of the White Revolution:
- Increase in the sustainable production of milk.
- Increase in the quality of milk goods.
- Availability of the milk products in the urban and rural areas.
Disadvantages of the White Revolution:
- Import of foreign breeds, lack in the use of local breeds.
- Import of the foreign feed that cannot be produced in India.
- Ignorance of the research and development of the agricultural sector of the country.