What is meant by a substitution reaction? Give an example (with equation) of the substitution reaction of an alkane.
Substitution reaction is a reaction in which hydrogen atoms of a hydrocarbon are replaced by other atoms. It is a characteristic of saturated hydrocarbons (alkanes). For example: Methane (alkane) reacts with chlorine, in the presence of sunlight, to form chloromethane and hydrochloric acid. The chemical equation of this reaction is as follows: CH4+ Cl2 → CH3Cl + HCl
Solution (A) What is Meant by a Substitution Reaction? Give an Example (With Equation) of the Substitution Reaction of an Alkane. Concept: Versatile Nature of Carbon - Nomenclature of Carbon Compounds.