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(A) What is Meant by a Substitution Reaction? Give an Example (With Equation) of the Substitution Reaction of an Alkane. - CBSE Class 10 - Science

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Question

What is meant by a substitution reaction? Give an example (with equation) of the substitution reaction of an alkane.

Solution

Substitution reaction is a reaction in which hydrogen atoms of a hydrocarbon are replaced by other atoms. It is a characteristic of saturated hydrocarbons (alkanes).
For example:
Methane (alkane) reacts with chlorine, in the presence of sunlight, to form chloromethane and hydrochloric acid.
The chemical equation of this reaction is as follows:
CH4 + Cl2  → CH3Cl + HCl

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APPEARS IN

 Lakhmir Singh Solution for Chemistry for Class 10 (2019 Exam) (2018 to Current)
Chapter 4: Carbon And Its Compounds
Q: 40.1 | Page no. 264
Solution (A) What is Meant by a Substitution Reaction? Give an Example (With Equation) of the Substitution Reaction of an Alkane. Concept: Versatile Nature of Carbon - Nomenclature of Carbon Compounds.
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