Maharashtra State BoardSSC (English Medium) 8th Standard
Advertisement Remove all ads

Use Whittaker method to classify bacteria, protozoa, fungi, algae, prokaryotic and Prokaryotic microbes. - Science

Short Note

Use Whittaker method to classify bacteria, protozoa, fungi, algae, prokaryotic and Prokaryotic microbes.

Advertisement Remove all ads

Solution

The characteristic features of each of the five kingdoms classified by Whittaker are:

Kingdom Monera

  • Absence of a well-defined nucleus or membrane-bound organelles

  • Absence of multicellular body designs; all are unicellular

  • Presence or absence of a cell wall

  • Autotrophic or heterotrophic mode of nutrition


Kingdom Protista

  • They are unicellular, eukaryotic organisms.

  • They can be autotrophic or heterotrophic.

  • Some members have cilia or flagella, which helps in locomotion.


Kingdom Fungi

  • They may be unicellular or multicellular, eukaryotic organisms.

  • Their body consists of mycelium, which is made up of multicellular filamentous hyphae.

  • Their cell walls are made up of tough, complex sugar called chitin.

  • They are saprophytes, which feed on dead organic material.


Kingdom Plantae

  • They are multicellular, eukaryotic organisms.

  • Cell wall is made up of cellulose and not chitin unlike that of fungi.

  • Most plant cells contain chlorophyll pigments. Hence, they are autotrophic.

  • They are non-motile.


Kingdom Animalia

  • They are multicellular eukaryotes.

  • Cell wall is absent in them.

  • Chloroplast is absent in animal cells. Hence, they have a heterotrophic mode of nutrition.
Concept: Classification of Microorganisms (Microbes)
  Is there an error in this question or solution?
Advertisement Remove all ads

APPEARS IN

Balbharati General Science 8th Standard Maharashtra State Board
Chapter 1 Living World and Classification of Microbes
Exercise | Q 1 | Page 5
Advertisement Remove all ads
Advertisement Remove all ads
Share
Notifications

View all notifications


      Forgot password?
View in app×