Urea Splitting Bacteria Are Responsible for Struvite Types of Stones - Biology


Urea splitting bacteria are responsible for _______ types of stones.

(A) calcium oxalate

(B) calcium phosphate

(C) calcium carbonate

(D) struvite 




Concept: Common Disorders of the Urinary System
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2014-2015 (October)



Write True (T) or False (F) for the following statement. Rewrite the false statement in the correct form. 

Removal of solid undigested food is excretion 

What are the two ways by which a person can get relief in case of kidney failure?

How are kidney stones formed? 

Draw a diagram of the human excretory system and label the following parts: Kidney, ureter, urinary bladder, and urethra. 

What are the symptoms of a urinary tract infection? 

Correct the sequence of the following steps to explain the process of urine formation.   

1. Blood enters the glomerulus under high pressure.
2. The filtrate passes through the thin walls of the Bowman’s capsule into the renal tubule
3. As the filtrate, passes through the tubule, water, and many useful substances are reabsorbed by the walls of the blood capillaries.
4. Water and small solutes are filtered in the Bowman’s capsule.
5. The remaining liquid, along with waste is called urine and is collected in the urinary bladder.
6. Blood containing waste material enters the kidneys through the renal artery.

Answer the following question.

Doctors say Mr. Shaikh is suffering from urolithiasis. How it could be explained in simple words?

Answer the following question.

John has two options as a treatment for his renal problem: Dialysis or kidney transplants. Which option should he choose? Why?

Complete the diagram/chart with correct labels/ information. Write the conceptual details regarding it.

Complete the diagram/chart with correct labels/ information. Write the conceptual details regarding it.

Identify the following structures and explain their significance in renal physiology?

  1. Juxtaglomerular apparatus
  2. Podocytes
  3. Sphincters in the bladder

What is the effect of aldosterone on kidneys and where is it produced?

Ketone bodies are found in the urine of people suffering from ______.

In acute renal failure the urine output decreases. This condition is called ____________.

One of the factors which may help to differentiate chronic kidney disease from acute kidney injury is ______

Bright's disease is characterized by the following symptoms EXCEPT ______

Dialysis is an imperfect treatment because ______

Excretion of uric acid includes the following features EXCEPT ______

Which of the following is CORRECT with reference to haemodialysis?  

Haemodialysis is done in the condition when the person is suffering from ______.

Ultimate correction for renal failure is:

The condition of accumulation of urea in the blood is termed as ______.

Match the abnormal conditions given in Column A with their explanations given in Column B and Choose the correct option

Column A Column B
A. Glycosuria i. Accumulation of uric acid in joints
B. Renal calculi ii. Inflammation in glomeruli
C. Glomerular nephritis iii. Mass of crystallised salts within the kidney
D. Gout iv. Presence of glucose in urine

What is the procedure advised for the correction of extreme renal failure? Give a brief account of it.

Explain, why a haemodialysing unit called artificial kidney?

The accumulation of urea in the blood due to malfunctioning of kidneys is referred to as ______.

Renal calculi is ______.

Which statement is correct regarding the haemodialysis procedure?

Which of the following statement is true regarding kidney or renal transplantation?


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