Under what circumtances Subhash Chandra Bose resigned from the Congress?
Subhash Chandra Bose became the Congress President in 1938, showing the influence of the Leftist and Socialist wing in the Congress. He was re-elected the very next year i.e., in 1839 by defeating Gandhi’s candidate, Pattabhi Sitarmayya. Gandhiji felt that the defeat was his, rather than that of Pattabhi. On the question of the formation of the Congress Working Committee, there arose a sharp rift between Gandhiji and Bose. While Bose wanted freedom to choose his own Working Committee, Gandhiji disapproved it because he foresaw a danger of Bose using all means, including violence, in the struggle of independence. The deadlock between the two could not be resolved in spite of the efforts by Nehru and Jayaprakash Narayan. As a result, Bose was left alone, as no none would come forward to join his Working Committee in the face of Gandhiji’s displeasure. So, being rendered helpless, Subhas Chandra Bose resigned from the Congress Presidentship on April 29, 1939, yielding place to Gandhian Dr. Rajendra Prasad as the next President.