Which is the most abundantly available fossil fuel in India? Assess the importance of its different forms.
Coal is the most abundant fossil fuel in India and is found in four different forms.
Importance of each form is as follows:
i. Lignite: It is brown, low grade quality of coal. It is used in the generation of electricity.
ii. Bituminous Coal: This is a slightly higher quality of coal and is the most commercially used form of coal.
iii. Metallurgical Coal: It is a higher grade of bituminous coal which is generally used for smelting iron in the blast furnaces.
iv. Anthracite Coal: It is the highest quality hard coal. It is used as domestic fuel in hand fired stoves or in automatic stoker furnaces.