Two Statements Are Given - One Labelled Assertion (A) and the Other Labelled Reason (R). Assertion (A): Esterification is a Process in Which a Sweet-smelling Substance is Produced. - Science

Question

MCQ

Two statements are given - one labelled Assertion (A) and the other labelled Reason (R).
Assertion (A): Esterification is a process in which a sweet-smelling substance is produced.
Reason (R): When esters react with sodium hydroxide an alcohol and sodium salt of carboxylic acid are obtained.

Options

• Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of the Assertion.

• Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of the Assertion.

• A is true but R is false.

• A is false but R is true.

Solution

Esterification is a process in which ethanoic acid reacts with absolute ethanol in the presence of an acid catalyst to give sweet-smelling substance called esters.

$\ce{CH3COOH + CH3CH2OH->[acid] CH3COOCH2 CH3 + H2O}$

In this question, both the assertion and reason are correct but, the reason is not the correct explanation of the assertion.

Hence, the correct answer is Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of the Assertion.

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