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Two samples from bivariate populations have 15 observations each. The sample means of X and Y are 25 and 18 respectively. - Mathematics and Statistics

Sum

Two samples from bivariate populations have 15 observations each. The sample means of X and Y are 25 and 18 respectively. The corresponding sum of squares of deviations from respective means is 136 and 150. The sum of the product of deviations from respective means is 123. Obtain the equation of the line of regression of X on Y.

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Solution

Given, n = 15, `bar x = 25, bar y = 18`,

`sum (x_i - bar x)^2 = 136, sum(y_i - bar y)^2 = 150,`

`sum (x_i - bar x)(y_i - bar y)` = 123

Now,  `"b"_"XY" = (sum (x_i - bar x)(y_i - bary))/(sum(y_i - bary)) = 123/150` = 0.82

Also, `"a"' = bar x - "b"_"XY"  bar y`

= 25 - 0.82 × 18 = 25 - 14.76 = 10.24

∴ The regression equation of X on Y is

X = a' + bXY Y

∴ X = 10.24 + 0.82Y 

Concept: Properties of Regression Coefficients
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