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Two Identical Pith Balls Are Charged by Rubbing One Against Other.They Are Suspended from a Horizontal Rod Through Two Strings of Length 20 Cm Each, Separation Between the Suspension Points Being 5 Cm - Physics

Short Note

Two identical pith balls are charged by rubbing one against the other. They are suspended from a horizontal rod through two strings of length 20 cm each, the separation between the suspension points being 5 cm. In equilibrium, the separation between the balls is 3 cm. Find the mass of each ball and the tension in the strings. The charge on each ball has a magnitude 2.0 × 10−8 C.

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Solution

 

Let the tension in the string be T and the force of attraction between the two balls be F.
From the free-body diagram of the balls, we get
Tcosθ = mg    ...(1) 
Tsinθ = F    ...(2)
From ∆ABC,

\[\sin\theta = \frac{1}{20}\] 

\[\cos\theta = \sqrt{1 - \left( \frac{1}{20} \right)^2}\]

From equation (1) and (2),

\[\tan\theta = \frac{F}{\text{mg}}\] 

\[ \therefore   \text{m} = \frac{F}{g\tan\theta}\] 

\[ \Rightarrow m = \left( \frac{1}{4\pi \epsilon_0}\frac{q^2}{r^2} \right) \times \left( \frac{1}{g\tan\theta} \right)\] 

\[ \Rightarrow m = \frac{9 \times {10}^9 \times \left( 2 \times {10}^{- 8} \right)^2}{9 \times {10}^{- 4} \times 0 . 98 \times \tan\theta}\] 

\[\Rightarrow m = 0 . 0082  \text{ kg = 8 . 2  g}\] 

\[T = \frac{F}{\sin\theta} = \frac{9 \times {10}^9 \times \left( 2 \times {10}^{- 8} \right)^2}{9 \times {10}^{- 4} \times \frac{1}{20}}\] 

\[ \Rightarrow T = 8 . 2 \times  {10}^2 \]N

  Is there an error in this question or solution?
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APPEARS IN

HC Verma Class 11, Class 12 Concepts of Physics Vol. 2
Chapter 7 Electric Field and Potential
Q 23 | Page 121
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