# Two dice are thrown. Write favourable outcomes for the following event.R: Sum of the numbers on two dice is a prime number.Also, check whether Events P and Q are mutually exclusive and exhaustive. - Mathematics and Statistics

Sum

Two dice are thrown. Write favourable outcomes for the following event.
R: Sum of the numbers on two dice is a prime number.
Also, check whether Events P and Q are mutually exclusive and exhaustive.

#### Solution

When two dice are thrown, all possible outcomes are
S = {(1, 1), (1, 2), (1, 3), (1, 4), (1, 5), (1, 6), (2, 1), (2, 2), (2, 3), (2, 4), (2, 5), (2, 6), (3, 1), (3, 2), (3, 3), (3, 4), (3, 5), (3, 6), (4, 1), (4, 2), (4, 3), (4, 4), (4, 5), (4, 6), (5, 1), (5, 2), (5, 3), (5, 4), (5, 5), (5, 6), (6, 1), (6, 2), (6, 3), (6, 4), (6, 5), (6, 6)}
∴  n(S) = 36

Let R: Sum of the numbers on two is a prime number.
∴ R = {(1, 1), (1, 2), (1, 4), (1, 6), (2, 1), (2, 3), (2, 5), (3, 2), (3, 4), (4, 1), (4, 3), (5, 2), (5, 6), (6, 1), (6, 5)}
∴ n(R) = 15

P and Q are mutually exclusive events as P ∩ Q = ∅ and

P ∪ Q = {(1, 2), (1, 3), (1, 5), (1, 6), (2, 1), (2, 2), (2, 4), (2, 5), (2, 6), (3, 1), (3, 3), (3, 4), (3, 5), (3, 6), (4, 2), (4, 3), (4, 4), (4, 5), (5, 1), (5, 2), (5, 3), (5, 4), (6, 1), (6, 2), (6, 3), (6, 6)} ≠ S

∴ P and Q are not exhaustive events as P ∪ Q ≠ S.

Concept: Introduction of Probability
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